Leopard - Mammals

Leopard - map of occurrence


Panthera pardus

conservation status Near Threatened

Weight: males 50-90kg (110-190lb), females 32-55kg (70-120lb)
Heightt: 0.6-0.7m (2ft-2ft 4in)
Lenght: 1.2-1.8m (3ft 8in -5ft 8in) + tail 0.7-1m (2ft 3in -3ft 5in)
Wild population:
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Gestation: 3.5 months, 2-4 cups
Range: south from Sahara, from Senegal to Ethiopia, east, central,
south east and east Africa, isolated patches from Iran to China and Indonesia
Voice: deep cough,roar, growl, grunt, snarl, hiss
Identification yellowish strong muscled body, necklace of spots and
bars across the chest, spots on the torso and upper limbs form a pattern of rosettes, white belly, in the forested areas rarely seen black mutation
Habitat: wide variety of terrain from forests, rocky areas, savannas
to semi-arid scrub and deserts

Protecting organisations: www.panthera.org

Here is a robust feline with a large head. It belongs among the large cats, meaning that it is able to “roar” like a lion, tiger or a jaguar. It is the smallest of the group. Its coat is usually yellow or yellow-orange with black rosettes formed by several black spots. Its abdomen and cheeks are white or at least significantly lighter than the rest of its body. There is also a completely black variety which is an adaptation for living in dense forests (Ethiopia - about every fifth, Kongo, Java). Previously, this beautiful beast could be found from China to Java, across South-East Asia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and even in Southern Africa. Today, a healthy population only remains south of the Sahara in Africa. Isolated populations are likely still to be found in Ethiopia, Iran, Pakistan (Persian leopard – zoos across the world are trying to save this subspecies), India, Eastern and Central China (Amur leopard – similarly bred in captivity), Java?, the Southern part of the Arabian Peninsula?, in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco? For the most part, the fate of these populations is unfortunately already set in stone. They will not survive alongside man and his right to life.
The leopard is an opportunistic hunter, which has successfully adapted its life practically across all of Africa and further across all of Asia to the south of Siberia. Its only problem is reckless human population. In Asia, the leopard is nearly extinct. In Africa, it is only a question of time.
Most often, their prey is smaller and middle sized varieties of antelope and gazelle, the young of most ungulates, various types of deer, wild pigs, and even monkeys. In Africa, some leopards actually specialize in the very risky business of hunting baboons. Often times, they even attack sheep, goats or dogs. In times of need, they even settle for carrion. In Africa, they hide their catch for several of days in the crowns of trees (leopards are unbelievably strong and are able to pull-up caught prey double their own weight up to the crowns of trees), where it is safe from hyenas, jackals, and vultures. However, this catch is not safe from lionesses, who more and more are adapting to climbing up to the crowns of trees. For example, In Kenya, I observed a group of young lionesses, who systematically trained this skill all afternoon...

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camera:NIKON D200
lens:Sigma 120-300 mm F2.8 APO EX DG IF HSM
extender:Sigma APO 2.0 EX DG
focal length:450 mm
exposure time:1/400 s
stativ:pytlík s rýží/beanbag
location:Masai Mara, Kenya