Common Hippopotamus - Mammals

Common Hippopotamus - map of occurrence

Common Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus amphibius

conservation status Vulnerable

Weight: males 1.500-3.000kg (3.300-6.600lb), females 1.000-2.000kg
(2.200-4.400lb)
Shoulder height: 1.4-1.6m (4ft 5in -5ft 4in)
Lenght: 3-3.7m (10ft - 12ft) + tail 40-45cm (1ft 4in - 1ft 6in)
Wild population: 125.000-150.000 individuals (strongholds Zambia,
Tanzania)
Lifespan: 35 years
Gestation: 8 months, 1 calf
Voice: bellowing noises, oinks, snorts, grunts
Identification big barrel-shaped torso, enormous mouth and teeth,
hairless body, stubby legs
Range:
Habitat: rivers, lakes, swamps, preferably with sandy banks to lie on
and grassy areas nearby

Protecting organisations: Hippo Specialist Group

The hippopotamus is recognizable for its barrel-shaped torso, enormous mouth and teeth, hairless body, stubby legs and tremendous size. It is the third-largest land mammal by weight (1.5-2 tons), behind the White Rhinoceros (3-4 tons) and Elephant (4-5.5 tons). Despite its stocky shape and short legs, it can easily outrun a human. Hippos have been clocked at 30 mph (48 km/h) while running short distances, faster than an Olympic sprinter. The hippopotamus is one of the most aggressive creatures in the world, and is often regarded as the most ferocious animal in Africa.
The hippopotamus is semi-aquatic, inhabiting rivers and lakes in sub-Saharan Africa in groups of 5-30 hippos. The hippopotamus also uses water to keep itself hydrated and able to carry out his life functions. During the day they remain cool by staying in the water or mud; reproduction and childbirth both occur in water, where territorial bulls preside over a stretch of river. They emerge at dusk to graze on grass travelling inland sometimes up to 8 kilometers . While hippos rest near each other in territories in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land.

Common Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - fighting hippoes Luangwa river sunrise
Common Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - fighting hippoes Luangwa river sunriseCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - two fighting hippoes sunset LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - hippoes with the flock of oxpeckersCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - three fighting hippoes sunset LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - playing hippo Luangwa riverCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - hippo returning to water Luangwa morning oxpeckersCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - two fighting hippoes sunset LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - Common Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - two fighting hippoes sunset LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - three fighting hippos sunset LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - fighting hippopotamusesCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - sunset river male yawning masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - herd relaxing river masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - yawning wild hippopotamus luangwa lagoonCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - young river masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - river bank masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - male aggressive river masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - river bank big bull sunset masai maraCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - hipopotamuses in the water LuangwaCommon Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) - herd swamp amboseli
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camera:NIKON D300
lens:Sigma 120-300 mm F2.8 APO EX DG IF HSM
extender:Sigma APO 2.0 EX DG
focal length:600 mm
exposure time:1/400 s
aperture:7.1
stativ:GITZO 1541T + MA 322RC 2
ISO:500
location:South Luangwa, Zambia
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