Common Eland - Mammals

Common Eland - map of occurrence

Common Eland

Tragelaphus oryx

conservation status Least Concern

Weight: males 500-1000kg (1100-2200lb), females 300-500kg (700-1100lb)
Shoulder height: 1.4-1.8m (4ft 7in -5ft 11in)
Lenght: 2.5-3.5m (8ft-11ft 6in)
Wild population:
Lifespan: 15-20 years
Gestation: 9 months, 1 calf
Voice: puff and grunt like cattle, but generally silent
Habitat: grassland, mountain, subdesert, acacia savanna and miombo woodland areas

Protecting organisations:

The cowlike eland is the world's largest and slowest antelope and is the animal most often depicted in the early rock art of East Africa. Even today, it still holds an important place in the mythology of some southern African tribes.
It has the endurance to maintain a trot indefinitely and can jump an 8 foot fence from a standstill. Both males and females have horns that spiral tightly.
Adult males also have a mat of hair on the forehead that grows longer and denser as the animal ages.
They eat grass, branches and leaves and are diurnal but tend to be inactive during the heat of day. Herds usually have 30 to 80 individuals, but are known to exceed 400. The Common Eland has an unusual social life, leaving or joining herds as necessary without forming close ties. The older the male, the more solitary its tendencies.
Common Eland are sometimes farmed and/ or hunted for their meat, and in some cases can be better utilised than cattle due to their being more suited to their natural habitat.This has led to some Southern African farmers switching from cattle to eland.

Common Eland (Tragelaphus oryx) -
Common Eland (Tragelaphus oryx) - Common Eland (Tragelaphus oryx) -
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camera:NIKON D300
lens:Sigma 120-300 mm F2.8 APO EX DG IF HSM
extender:Sigma APO 2.0 EX DG
focal length:600 mm
exposure time:1/1000 s
stativ:Manfrotto Nature 190 + MA 322RC 2
location:Masai Mara, Kenya