African Buffalo - Mammals

African Buffalo - map of occurrence

African Buffalo

Syncerus caffer

conservation status Least Concern

Weight: males 500-800kg (1.100-1.800lb), females 550kg (1.250lb)
Shoulder height: 1.4-1.6m (4ft 8in -5ft 4in)
Lenght: 1.8-2.5m (6ft - 8ft 4in) + tail 0.6-0.7m (2ft - 2ft 4in)
Wild population: approx. 1.000.000 individuals
Lifespan: 15-20 years
Gestation: 11.5 months, 1 calf
Voice: bellows, clicks, belch-like grunts
Identification large, dark brown cow like animal with horns (set of
horns length is 0.7-1.3m wide)
Range: south from Sahara to south east JAR
Habitat: grassy plains, thickets, forested regions up to 13.000ft
(4000m), but never far from water

Protecting organisations:

The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa. It lives in swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Buffalo can be found from the highest mountains to sea level areas, and prefer habitat with dense cover such as reeds and thickets. Herds have also been found in open woodland and grassland.
Like the Plains zebra, the Buffalo can subsist on tall, coarse grasses. Herds of buffalo will reduce grass level to the height that is preferred by selective grazers. When feeding, the buffalo makes use of its tongue and wide incisor row to eat grass more quickly than most other African herbivores. Buffalo do not stay on trampled or depleted areas for long.
Other than humans, African buffalo have few predators and are capable of defending themselves against (and sometimes killing) lions. Lions do kill and eat buffalo regularly, but it typically takes multiple lions to bring down a single adult buffalo; only large male lions have been known to take down adult buffalo on their own. The Nile Crocodile will typically attack only old solitary animals and young calves. The leopard and spotted hyena are a threat only to newborn calves, though spotted hyenas have been recorded to kill full grown bulls on occasion.
Buffaloes are very brave animals and are notorious among big game hunters as very dangerous animals, with wounded animals reported to ambush and attack pursuers (same as lions or leopards).
The current status of African Cape Buffalo is dependent on the existence of the animal's value to both trophy hunters and tourists, paving the way for conservation efforts.

African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) -
African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - broad horns samburu sunriseAfrican Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - bull relaxing masai maraAfrican Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - oxpeckers fur masai maraAfrican Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) -
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